Questions related to the products we sell
It goes underneath the topcoat, just below the middle coat, to the right of the coat rack.
We have a product for that purpose, it is called Patch and Fill. Large voids, in excess of 1/8″, will consume epoxy overlays to the point of impracticality. Unless you have a desire to keep a “rustic” look throughout your project, a patch or filler should be used.
If the surfaces are similar in their expansion and contraction, and they are clean and prepped properly, you shouldn’t have any problems. Metal and fiberglass are different stories that require a much more thorough prep. Wood must be completely sealed from moisture by installing hydro-membrane and lathe.
Sure, but the quality of prep you put into your project yields a more durable final finish. If the tiles are over wood or upper flooring substrates such as OSB then it is not necessary to remove the tiles as they can be left as-is and sealed with a moisture barrier
Icoat can be used over plywood or OSB. Necessary prep steps involve rolling on a coat or two of hydromembrane then stapling stucco lathe with overlappedseams over the wood. Base mix is used to fill in the lathe and create a monolithic reinforced substrate.
Carpet and linoleum adhesives come off smooth concrete fairly easily. It is best to soften the glue with xylene or a stripper such as Jasco, then remove it with a wall shaver and 8” razor blade. If the concrete is heavily broomed and has glue then it may be necessary to grind the glue off. Black mastic should be cleaned as best as possible, rinsed to clean water then covered with a layer of undiluted Resin 221 which must dry before installation.
On average, about 1 lb per square foot.
1/16” to 5/32”. We have gauge rakes in our tool section that are used solely for the purpose of maintaining an even overlay depth.
No, our products are all compatible and bond, well above industry standard, to one another. The product can be applied over itself even if sealed with the use of Icoat Adhesion Enhancer.
Clean the floor, allow to dry, install a layer of Icoat Adhesion Enhancer with a pump can, allow to start to dry then rinse or mop the floor to clean water, install Icoat.
Yes with the exception of the recommended sealers. ICRU-6 is the preferred interior sealer and I-22/30 is best for outdoor application.
No, Icoat has joint filler compounds but makes no claims for Radon eradication. If you have radon gas contamination, it’s best to contact a local fire department for information about safe levels.
Concrete should crack as planned by the contractor, however we know this isn’t true in all cases. Icoat has several methods and products for crack repair depending on the size of the crack. Icoat recommends Crack-RX100 for most cracks and hydromembrane over the Crack RX for interior floors. Many times it is beneficial to incorporate the cracks into the pattern or accentuate them as “decorative cracking” in a seamless stone pattern. If your concrete floor shows signs of buckling or dipping, and crack spread is greater than 1/4″, you may have root problems or a poor soil compaction beneath. Consultation with a professional is always suggested if there is any doubt.
Icoat overlay installations as taught by Icoat are all considered non-skid by ASTM slip tests. If the surface is troweled too smoothly then the surface may become more slippery however, Sherwin Williams sells a product called Shark Grip that can be added to the sealer to increase slip resistance.
iCoat recommends our fine barrier type sealers which are highly stain and chemical resistant. Most household cleaners can be used on Icoat flooring products but we have a whole line of cleaning products featuring Degrease for initial or heavy cleaning, Maintain which is a no-rinse floor cleaner which leaves the product looking freshly seale and Renew which is a high sheen buffable wax/ sacrificial coating that commercial clients desire.
Working time: Once the product is applied to the floor.
Open Time: Once the product is mixed and is still in the bucket.
Both working time and open time are greatly influenced by ambient temperature, material temperature and humidity. Concrete products lose their workability at 90 degrees so if the bags, water and Resin 221 are all 90 degrees or higher, then the material will not apply properly. We address hot weather application by NEVER diluting the Resin until a batch is ready to be mixed; this gives us the flexibility to use chilled or ice water for the mix. Ice water will extend open and working time significantly. Working time will additionally be affected by direct sunlight, substrate temperature and porosity and mix viscosity; installation of the adhesion enhancer according to instructions will prevent outgassing in porous floors and cool temperatures of hot substrates. Cooler weather conditions obviously have the opposite effect; open and working times are extended into undesirable gaps between application steps. Heated water, heaters to raise the ambient temperature and fans or blowers to move the air will all reduce working times.
As soon as the sealer dries completely the Icoat flooring can be opened to foot traffic, typically this is same day for the I-22/30 and the next day for ICRU or other dual component products.
Icoat flooring products reach a full cure at 28 days. This does mean that it’s safe to drop anvils and pianos prior to the complete cure.
The Icoat flooring product has exceptional tensile strength to tolerate movement expected with all acceptable substrates. The product will telegraph structural cracking from the substrate and is NOT designed to bridge cracks or expansion joints. Subsequently, there are epoxy solutions that are ASTM certified for concrete repair in DOT applications.
Icoat is bonded directly to the surface it is applied to with the exception of its application over wood. The hydromembrane provided the separation, the material is bonded directly to that and reinforced against delamination by the lathe.
Flooring (primarily concrete) products contain silica sand and proper respiration equipment should be utilized to avoid inhalation.
All concrete products are at their maximum volume when they are being installed. Because the Icoat flooring products are applied so thinly, there is insignificant evidence of shrinkage. Repairs or transition areas that require a thicker buildup of material should utilize Icoat Patch and Fill which is a rapid set product.
Icoat recommends installation temperatures of 45 F and rising for installation of flooring products. Icoat products should not freeze before drying completely. There are no maximum temperatures as long as high heat installation techniques are employed. Warmer temperatures make the viscosity much easier to work with.
It is not likely that the epoxy could be scratched through completely but if it were then the answer would be determined by the substrate. If the core used was not water proof (i.e. – below the moisture barrier of wood) and became exposed to water then it would likely swell and cause delamination. The selection of Medex as a core will be insurance against many delamination causes.
The epoxy is a permanent sealer for the countertop systems. It can be buffed from time to time to remove any scratching. The epoxy could be re-applied in the unlikely event that it was necessary.
Icoat requires only three layers as our product has significant advantages over similar product offerings; application is one brush coat, the edges and two trowel coats which are applied wet over damp. The countertop composite can be used for all layers. Countertop UF can be substituted for the final trowel layer for a smoother surface.
Icoat counters are not susceptible to chemical damage from any household cleaners but abrasives should never be used as they can scratch the epoxy.
Household chemicals do not affect Icoat countertops, there are many laboratory chemicals that could affect the finish; Icoat does offer a cyclo-aliphatic epoxy for extreme environments.
Icoat counters are significantly more impact resistant than concrete, granite or corian countertops.
Many edges can be replicated as desired however Icoat basic techniques seminars show two edges, flat and chiseled. These two looks are easy to do and replicate a high end granite product. Bull nose or rounded edges are indicative of low end granite or corian.
Icoat recommends a week of cure time before normal use. The customer can use towels to protect the counter during curing.
Slick trowelled concrete can be etched with an acid solution to create an acceptable profile for resurfacing.
Yes, Icoat products work well vertically. Large jobs can be applied through a hopper gun or Graco texturemachine, then trowelled. Smaller jobs such as showers can be applied bu using a hawk or simply pouring the material on an upside down trowel as it is being applied.
Icoat sealer are resistant to salt and deicer damage. In places that could be affected maintain a good and current seal.
Icoat recommends re-sealing every 2 to 5 years depending on the amount of wear, exposure and sealer initially selected.
Icoat flooring material can be applied with as few as one coat. There are occasions where multiple skim coats are required such as when filling in exposed aggregate, tile of other heavy profiles. The sealers should be applied according to product spec and desired gloss.
Yes, all our colors are UV stable and also the sealers all contain UV additives.
All Icoat products are sealed with a barrier forming sealer that prevents staining, oils and rust can stain the product if left on too long. Icoat sealers are also chemically resistant to most household products.
Icoat products comprise the finest particulate acrylics available and are 100 percent non-reemulsifiable by water. Areas with extreme hydrostatic pressure such as pool walls should not be coated with Icoat products.
Chlorine and acid can fade Icoat products in heavily concentrated form and salt damage can occur to substrates in salt water pools.
Brake cleaner can soften sealer and motor oils can cause staining if left on the surface for an extended period however most other household products will have no affect on the properly sealed Icoat surface.
Powerwashers work very well to clean Icoat products. Use no more than 4000 psi and no less than a 25 degree fan tip.
We have a full line of garage systems under the Ipoxy label. Used in conjunction with the Adhesion Enhancer and the ICRU6 our garage floor system is not only aesthetically pleasing but is designed to withstand even the harshest of environments.
Many of the colors penetrate the surface when applied topically. Icoat Dispersing Colors can be mixed integrally as well.
Icoat needs to be applied to a nearly dry and clean substrate. After rain it is a good idea to clean any possible contaminants from the surface before resurfacing. Icoat products can get wet once they have been allowed to dry completely, if it rains between coats it is also advisable to rinse the entire job to remove contaminants and ensure color uniformity. Icoat products should be applied in temperatures of 45 F and rising and should never be allowed to freeze before dry.
Questions regarding services we provide
Decorative concrete is infinitely better than any other flooring material in that is has a durability second to none. Wood and carpet floors require high maintenance to keep them looking good, they trap bacteria and germs in crevices and the underpile of the carpet, and have little to no moisture resistance between themselves and the subfloor.
When we have the time, we prefer to do the work ourselves. However, due to time constraints and running the business, we often outsource to trained and certified contractors who are skilled in Decorative Concrete work and Epoxy overlay systems. We stand behind our products and the contractors who install them.
Although we post photos of everything we do in our Media section, some of the photo descriptions are minimal. You can find full project descriptions in our Articles area listed from the most current completion date. While we do focus in decorative concrete and countertop resurfacing, we occasionally bid on projects outside of this scope.
WVT is the amount of moisture existing within or capable of moving through a building subfloor mass. If your home or office building has a high moisture content in the compacted soil beneath the concrete floor it can cause problems with flooring systems. Simply put… cracks, shifting, deteriorating concrete, and/or flood damage can all contribute to trapped moisture wanting to seep into the building space. Wood floors can become damaged and start to warp, carpet can become a health hazard by harboring mold, and tile can start to separate from the adhesive. We perform a WVT on all resurfacing projects to make sure that if there is a problem we can fix it before it affects your Epoxy resurfacing.
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